Sun, 2017-04-16 12:11
The Passion & Resurrection of Jesus Christ
Mark 16:1-2,4–7 (NLT) Saturday evening, when the Sabbath ended, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome went out and purchased burial spices so they could anoint Jesus’ body. 2 Very early on Sunday morning, just at sunrise, they went to the tomb. … 4But as they arrived, they looked up and saw that the stone, which was very large, had already been rolled aside. 5 When they entered the tomb, they saw a young man clothed in a white robe sitting on the right side. The women were shocked, 6 but the angel said, “Don’t be alarmed. You are looking for Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He isn’t here! He is risen from the dead! Look, this is where they laid his body. 7 Now go and tell his disciples, including Peter, that Jesus is going ahead of you to Galilee. You will see him there, just as he told you before he died.”
Today we celebrate Resurrection Sunday and we commemorate the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
We remember His sacrificial death on the cross, and we celebrate His resurrection. He paid the price for our sins through His death 2000 years ago.
1 Corinthians 5:7 (GNB) … For our Passover Festival is ready, now that Christ, our Passover Lamb, has been sacrificed.
Romans 14:9 (NCV) The reason Christ died and rose from the dead to live again was so He would be Lord over both the dead and the living.
Resurrection Sunday coincides with the annual Jewish Passover Festival when the Passover lamb was slaughtered. Jesus Christ is our Passover Lamb.
Exodus 12:1–12 (NLT) While the Israelites were still in the land of Egypt, the Lord gave the following instructions to Moses and Aaron: 2“From now on, this month will be the first month of the year for you. 3 Announce to the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each family must choose a lamb or a young goat for a sacrifice, one animal for each household. 4 If a family is too small to eat a whole animal, let them share with another family in the neighborhood. Divide the animal according to the size of each family and how much they can eat. 5 The animal you select must be a one-year-old male, either a sheep or a goat, with no defects. 6 “Take special care of this chosen animal until the evening of the fourteenth day of this first month. Then the whole assembly of the community of Israel must slaughter their lamb or young goat at twilight. 7 They are to take some of the blood and smear it on the sides and top of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the animal. 8 That same night they must roast the meat over a fire and eat it along with bitter salad greens and bread made without yeast. 9 Do not eat any of the meat raw or boiled in water. The whole animal—including the head, legs, and internal organs—must be roasted over a fire. 10 Do not leave any of it until the next morning. Burn whatever is not eaten before morning. 11 “These are your instructions for eating this meal: Be fully dressed, wear your sandals, and carry your walking stick in your hand. Eat the meal with urgency, for this is the Lord’s Passover.
When the first Passover lamb was eaten by the Israelites in Egypt, God brought judgment on the Egyptians who had enslaved them for 400 years. The angel of death killed the firstborn of both man and beast in every Egyptian house.
As the angel of death passed through Egypt that night, when he saw the blood of the Passover lamb that has been applied to the door posts of the Jewish households, he would pass over and not enter to bring judgment.
God will judge the whole world one day soon. But those who have applied the Blood of Jesus Christ, our Passover Lamb, to their own lives will escape judgment.
2 Timothy 4:1 (NLT) I solemnly urge you in the presence of God and Christ Jesus, who will someday judge the living and the dead when he comes to set up his Kingdom:
Christ Himself has shed His blood to save people from their sins and its ensuing judgment. And Christ Himself will judge those who reject Him and the salvation which He has bought through His death on the cross.
1 John 1:7 (NKJV) But if we walk in the light as He is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin.
OVERVIEW OF JESUS’ LAST DAYS BEFORE HIS CRUCIFIXION:
1. Jesus’ Triumphant Entry into Jerusalem
The countdown to Jesus’ death began with His Triumphant Entry into Jerusalem.
Matthew 21:1–5 (NKJV) Now when they drew near Jerusalem, and came to Bethphage, at the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, 2 saying to them, “Go into the village opposite you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Loose them and bring them to Me. 3 And if anyone says anything to you, you shall say, ‘The Lord has need of them,’ and immediately he will send them.” 4 All this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying: 5 “Tell the daughter of Zion, ‘Behold, your King is coming to you, lowly, and sitting on a donkey, a colt, the foal of a donkey.’ ”
The people shouted: “Hosanna to the Son of David! (Matt. 21:9), but six days later, the same people shouted “Crucify Him, crucify Him!” (Luke 23:21).
2. Jesus cleanses the temple - overturns the money changers’ tables
Matthew 21:12–13 (NKJV) Then Jesus went into the temple of God and drove out all those who bought and sold in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold doves. 13 And He said to them, “It is written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer,’ but you have made it a ‘den of thieves.’ ”
3. Jesus prophesies the destruction of Jerusalem and teaches on End-times
Matthew 24:1–2 (NKJV) Then Jesus went out and departed from the temple, and His disciples came up to show Him the buildings of the temple. 2 And Jesus said to them, “Do you not see all these things? Assuredly, I say to you, not one stone shall be left here upon another, that shall not be thrown down.”
At this time, Jesus spoke about the 7 year period of the Great Tribulation just prior to His Second Coming and the establishment of His earthly Kingdom.
4. The Jewish leaders plot to kill Jesus
Matthew 26:1–4 (NKJV) Now it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, that He said to His disciples, 2 “You know that after two days is the Passover, and the Son of Man will be delivered up to be crucified.” 3 Then the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders of the people assembled at the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, 4 and plotted to take Jesus by trickery and kill Him.
5. Judas agrees with them to betray Jesus
Matthew 26:14–16 (NKJV) Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests 15 and said, “What are you willing to give me if I deliver Him to you?” And they counted out to him thirty pieces of silver. 16 So from that time he sought opportunity to betray Him.
6. The Passover meal – the last Supper - the first Communion
Matthew 26:17–19 (NKJV) Now on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying to Him, “Where do You want us to prepare for You to eat the Passover?” 18 And He said, “Go into the city to a certain man, and say to him, ‘The Teacher says, “My time is at hand; I will keep the Passover at your house with My disciples.” ’ ” 19 So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them; and they prepared the Passover.
7. Judas is exposed as the betrayer and leaves to betray Jesus
Matthew 26:25 (NKJV) Then Judas, who was betraying Him, answered and said, “Rabbi, is it I?” He said to him, “You have said it.”
In this setting, Jesus also teaches on heaven, on the gift of the Holy Spirit, and then He prays the High Priestly Prayer (John chapters 14 to 17).
8. Jesus takes the 11 disciples to the Garden of Gethsemane where Judas betrays Jesus to the officers of the chief priests
Matthew 26:47–49 (NKJV) And while He was still speaking, behold, Judas, one of the twelve, with a great multitude with swords and clubs, came from the chief priests and elders of the people. 48 Now His betrayer had given them a sign, saying, “Whomever I kiss, He is the One; seize Him.” 49 Immediately he went up to Jesus and said, “Greetings, Rabbi!” and kissed Him.
9. Jesus is captured and tried by several courts
a. They took Him to the house of Annas, the father-in-law of the high priest where they began to examine Him (John 18:13).
b. Next they took Him to Caiaphas’ place who was the high priest at the time. They tried Him and condemned Him to death on false charges. (John 18:24)
c. From there they moved Him to Pontius Pilate’s place who was the Roman Governor at the time (Matthew 27:1-2).
d. Pilate could find no fault in Jesus. When Pilate found out that Jesus was a Galilean, he sent Him to Herod’s place to be tried there (Luke 23:6-7)
e. Herod and his troops abused Jesus and send Him back to Pilate (Lk.23:11)
f. Pilate examined Him again but still could not find any wrong in Jesus. But finally, to appease the crowd, He had Him severely whipped and beaten before ordering his solders to crucify Him (Mark 15:15).
10. Jesus dies on the cross and His body is laid in a tomb
John 19:41–42 (NKJV) Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid. 42 So there they laid Jesus, because of the Jews’ Preparation Day, for the tomb was nearby.
11. On the first day of the week (Sunday), Jesus rises from the dead
Mark 16:9–11 (NKJV) Now when He rose early on the first day of the week, He appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom He had cast seven demons. 10 She went and told those who had been with Him, as they mourned and wept. 11 And when they heard that He was alive and had been seen by her, they did not believe. … 14 Later He appeared to the eleven as they sat at the table; and He rebuked their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they did not believe those who had seen Him after He had risen.
Romans 10:9 (NIV) If you declare with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.